Antioxidant Activity of Combination Ethanol Extract of Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma Domestica Val) and Ethanol Extract of Trengguli Bark (Cassia Fistula L) with DPPH Method

Triyono Triyono, Anis Yohana Chaerunisaa, Anas Subarnas

Abstrak


Turmeric rhizome (Curcuma domestica Val) and Trengguli bark (Cassia fistula L) contain antioxidant compounds which can be determined by 1,1-Diphenyl-2- Pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical inhibition method. This research was conducted to determine DPPH free radical inhibition by ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome, the ethanol extract of trengguli bark, and a combination of turmeric rhizome extract - trengguli bark extract (1:1,5) with ascorbic acid as a comparison. Identification of secondary metabolite classes is performed by phytochemical screening. Antioxidant activity was performed by inhibition of free radical color of DPPH using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The study showed IC50 value of ascorbic acid, as a comparasion, is 3,14 μg/mL. While ethanol extract of trengguli bark has the best antioxidant activity with IC50 value 10,98 μg/mL compare to combination ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome - trengguli bark (1 :1,5) and ethanol extract of turmeric rhizome with IC50 value is 13,70 μg/mL and 41,95 μg/mL, respectively.

Keywords: Antioxidant, Curcuma domestica, Cassia fistula, DPPH Method


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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24198/ijpst.v5i3.14764

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